Coffee beans Arabic Coffee
Coffea arabica Coffee Arabica is mostly known under the common name Arabian coffee, Brazilian coffee, or Kofi coffee and belongs to the Rubiaceae family, and originated in Ethiopia. The Arabica Plant is an evergreen, typically a large upright bush, like a small tree that can reach a height up to 39 feet. On plantations, it is kept at a height of about 2-3 m (6 ft) to facilitate harvesting. After planting, the Arabica trees produce their first crop in three years, and will be bearing fully at 7-8 years old.
The Arabica plant can successfully produce fruits for about 40 years. Wild plants grow between 9 and 12 m (30 and 39 ft) tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6–12 cm (2.5–4.5 in) long and 4–8 cm (1.5–3 in) broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10–15 mm in diameter and grow in auxiliary clusters. The seeds are contained in a drupe (commonly called a "cherry") 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee beans).